Coronary Artery Disease Facts
Coronary Artery Disease (CAD) involves the buildup of plaque within coronary arteries, which supply the heart with oxygen. This buildup restricts blood flow and can lead to ischemia, heart attack, or sudden cardiac death. Possible causes of CAD include hereditary factors, diet, and lifestyle choices (e.g., tobacco use, etc.).
CAD can be treated percutaneously (angioplasty/stenting), surgically (coronary artery bypass grafting), and/or pharmacologically (e.g., statins, etc.).